The Incredible Role of Hormones in Diabetes Treatment
Posted: Jun 19, 2018
While pursuing body health and mental happiness is the ultimate goal for each and human being, you may not be aware of a fact: your body is actually a big controller for most of your bodily functions, even your feelings which further enables you to enjoy spiritual contentment.
Hormones are produced in the endocrine glands, and they are, in a way, serving as special chemical messengers in our body. Don’t underestimate the role of these hormones as they control the majority of your body activities, either simple basic needs like hunger or complex behaviors like reproduction. They are also important to our mental health as they control our emotions and moods by increasing or deducing the amounts of hormones.
It’s no wonder that hormones can sometimes be used to treat diseases, especially those who are caused by imbalance of hormones. Recently, researchers have found that several hormones are promising treatments for diabetes.
Researchers recently found that a hormone called betatrophin has the function of prompting cells in the pancreas to multiply and produce more insulin. After repeated several rounds of tests, now the researchers are trying to make betatrophin protein and inject it into the body of mice. Concerted efforts are made with some pharmaceutical companies to move the newly discovered hormone toward the clinic. This, once succeeds, will unveil new ways to prevent or slow the progression of diabetes.
Another type of hormones called incretins are also found to be effective in treating diabetes. The representatives are glucagon-like peptides, including glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucagon-like peptide 2. They offer alternative treatment option for type 2 diabetes, and even a better choice against other diabetes drugs for their renowned self-limiting insulinotropic effect.
As is known to all, diabetes is a chronic disease condition that makes nearly 500 million people globally sufferers. And this number may continue to rise, according to recent estimates from WTO. Diabetes is caused by the disorder of insulin production, which further affects the blood sugar level. Type 1 diabetes is different from type 2 diabetes. In the former one, the body’s own immune system attacks and destroys beta cells, whose major role is producing hormone insulin. While by comparison, in the latter one, cells lose their sensitivity to insulin, and beta cells can’t make enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels in check. If not treated or controlled, high levels of glucose over time can lead to a string of diseases such as heart disease, stroke, blindness and other problems. Type 2 diabetes patients are far more than type 1 diabetes patients on average.
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