Project Elephant (PE) India
Posted: Oct 26, 2018
India has so many National Parks in India, Wildlife Sanctuaries in India and elephant park. Today we will discuss about indian elephant.
There are 32 Elephant Reserves in India which are governed by Project Elephant. Total population of elephants in 2005 was nearly 21,200. The latest census carried out in 2012 put Elephant Population between 27,785 and 31,368.About Project Elephant (PE)
Project Elephant was launched in 1992 by the Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests to provide financial and technical support of wildlife management efforts by states for their free ranging populations of wild Asian Elephants. The project aims to ensure long-term survival of viable conservation reliant populations of elephants in their natural habitats by protecting the elephants, their habitats and migration corridors. Other goals of Project Elephant are supporting research of the ecology and management of elephants, creating conservation awareness among local people, providing improved veterinary care for captive elephants.Objectives of Project Elephant
Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:
To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
To address issues of man-animal conflict
Welfare of captive elephants
Elephant conservation in IndiaActivities
Financial and Technical support are being provided to major elephant bearing States in the country. The Project is being mainly implemented in 16 States / UTs, viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. Main activities under the Project are as follows:
Ecological restoration of existing natural habitats and migratory routes of elephants;
Development of scientific and planned management for conservation of elephant habitats and viable population of Wild Asiatic elephants in India;
Promotion of measures for mitigation of man elephant conflict in crucial habitats and moderating pressures of human and domestic stock activities in crucial elephant habitats;
Strengthening of measures for protection of Wild elephants from poachers and unnatural causes of death;
Research on Elephant management related issues;
Public education and awareness programmes;
Elephant Rehabilitation/Rescue Centers
As of 2010, 32 Elephant Reserves (ERs) extending over about 58,000 square kilometres (22,000 sq mi) have been formally notified by various State Governments.Elephant Population
The first exclusive exercise for enumeration of wild elephants in the ERs was conducted during February to May 2005. This exercise also sought to experiment with two sampling methods, viz. Block sampling and Line transect-Dung Count. PE arranged for training of trainers and also issued detailed guidelines to the chief wildlife wardens and the field coordinators. Total population of elephants in 2005 was nearly 21,200. The latest census carried out in 2012 put elephant numbers between 27,785 and 31,368.Monitoring Against Elephant Poaching
Project Elephant has been formally implementing MIKE (Monitoring of Illegal Killing of Elephants) programme of in 10 ERs since January 2004. It is mandated by COP resolution of CITES. It was started in South Asia in 2003 with the following purpose:
To measure levels and trends in illegal hunting of elephants.
To determine changes in these trends overtime.
To determine the factors causing or associated with these changes and to try and assess in particular to what extent observed trends are a result of any decisions taken by the Conference of the Parties to CITES.
Data are collected from all sites on monthly basis in specified MIKE patrol form and submitted to Sub-Regional Support Office for South Asia Programme in Delhi who are assisting Ministry in implementation of the programme.
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