Diagnosis of Oral Cancer
Posted: Oct 16, 2018
It's crucial to have a direct meeting with a physician or doctor in the event that you're currently suffering from some one of those Oral Cancer signs. Since we all discussed the seriousness of these indicators that they can vary in line with the well being of a particular individual. But, the majority of the time, it's found that individuals ignore the Oral Cancer discomforts and because of which a small tumor gets converted into a big one.
As per the stats, it is recorded that if Oral cancer can be detected at its initial stage, it can be treated well. The success percentage of initial phase Oral cancer is 80 compared to that of 20% at the advanced stage. So, there is no need to worry if you have been caught with oral cancer cells, just understand its signs and symptoms and go for an immediate check-up.
There are various methods which the doctor uses to diagnose the Oral Cancer. The most common and mostly used diagnostic methods for oral cancer treatment are mentioned below in the article. But before knowing about these diagnostic methods, let us first understand that how the doctor will determine the best fit diagnostic test for you.
Doctors look into the symptoms which you are experiencing, and according to that few medical tests like blood test, health check-up, dental check-up will be conducted. The reports of these tests will give a direction to the doctor that which is the most responsive diagnostic test for that particular patient. Apart from these common medical test, there are some other factors too which contribute in deciding the best suited diagnostic test like the age of a patient, how long is he suffering from the disease, what is the current and past medical history of the patient.
After all these check-ups and reports, doctors will recommend the best suited and responsive Oral Cancer Detection test to you.
In Endoscopy, a thin, long and flexible tube is inserted into the body through the nose or mouth. This long and flexible tube-like instrument is called endoscope. Also, it has a light and view lens attached at the front end which helps in creating the pictures of the infectious section on the big screen. So, the prime motive through Endoscopy is to determine all the parts which are influenced by cancerous cells.
Through Endoscopy, the doctors determine the location of the infected area, and through Biopsy, a sample of that infected area is taken out, so that doctors can examine it under the microscope. Again, there are different types of Biopsy which are conducted depending upon the location of the tumor. The two most common Biopsy for Oral Cancer patients are:
- Needle Aspiration Biopsy
- Oral Brush Biopsy
X-ray is the older and one of the primary recommended detection test. Through X-rays, Doctors aim to create the images of the internal organs of the body. This is done with the help of radiation.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Instead of x-rays, the magnetic fields are used in MRI to create the detailed images of the internal organs. The advantage of MRI is that it can also detect and create images of soft tissues like tonsils, the area under the tongue, etc. Also, MRI is used by the doctors to check the size of the tumor. Before undergoing MRI special dye called a contrast medium is inserted into the veins of the patients or given as a liquid to swallow, in order to get a more precise picture of the tumor.
Like the name indicates, in Ultrasound, sound waves are used to create the images of internal organs of the body. Also, Ultrasound is useful enough to tell us about the spreading of oral cancer cells to nearby lymph nodes.
Computed Tomography (CT Scan)
Computed tomography is used to create the three-dimensional images of the internal organs of the body. This is achieved by taking x-rays from different angles. Later with the help of a computer, all these are images are combined for a detailed and better view of the tumor. The CT Scan reports also helps the doctor in deciding whether the Oral Cancer tumor can be removed surgically or not. Before undergoing CT Scan, doctors inject a special dye called a contrast medium into the veins of a patient or give it in the form of liquid to swallow it. This will make cancer infected areas more prominent and will be easy to get diagnosed.
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) or PET-CT scan
Positron emission tomography is again a useful method to create images of internal organs and tissues. For better result, PET is combined with CT Scan. In PET Scan, a radioactive sugar substance is injected into the veins of the body. When this radioactive sugar substance is inserted into the body, the cells with the highest energy will consume it and as we also know that cancerous cells possess more energy compared to normal cells. So, in this way, the doctors find the location of cancer cells in the body.
All the methods mentioned above are quite efficient in diagnosing Oral Cancer. For better knowledge about this and best consultation, visit the leading cancer treatment clinic in India - Candrol. Fill the contact form to book a meeting now.
Dr. Rishi Sharma - the Ceo and Founder of Candrol has been constantly working to bring new and innovative ideas to treat cancer.