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Class 9 French Revolution

Author: Shivam Singh
by Shivam Singh
Posted: Dec 31, 2019

Class 9 French Revolution Revision Notes

  • In this blog learn everything about the french revolution and get the Revision notes of this Lesson. Learn About the French Revolution (Class 9 History Chapter 1) Briefly by Revision Notes.

Watch Full Article: Class 9 French Revolution Revision Notes

  1. On the morning of 14 July 1789 in Paris (7000 men and women).
  2. Bastille was burnt and seven prisoners released, the commander died.
  3. Past:- In 1774, Louis XVI of the bourbon family became king of France
  4. He was 20 years old and married with the princes Marie Antoinette
  5. The old regime is usually used to describe the society and institution of France before 1789.
  6. Peasants made 90% of the population.
  7. Only 3rd estate pay tax.
  8. Money Lost:- Because of fighting with the British to give freedom to 13 American colonies 2 billion livers used and Louis XIV taken too much Loan.
  9. Louis XVI wants to gain his treasury from the peasants or 3rd Estate.
  10. Direct taxes were called taille
  11. The population of France rose from about 23 Millon in 1715 to 28 Million in 1789.
  12. But there is no increase in production of grains so, taxes increases, but the workers didn't get any increase in their salary it laid to subsistence crises
  13. Educated and 3rd Estate persons told that this estate system should be abolished.
  14. The King rejected their proposal of voting which is given by the 3rd Estate.
  15. In protest they walked out From the assembly they told themselves as a National Assembly
  16. On 20 June, in the indoor tennis court, of Versailles. They drafted the constitution
  17. When the national assembly was working on the constitution. A severe winter had bad Harvest, so price increases on Bread
  18. Women and men revolts
  19. National Assembly drafted in 1791.
  20. On 4 August 1789 Feudal system stopped and France became constitutional after 1791
  21. The Period of 1793-1794 is referred to as Reign of Terror
  22. 21 January 1793 The king and Her wife Guillotine.
  23. 1804 Napoleon Bonaparte crowded Himself as an Emperor of France.
  24. He died at waterloo in 1814.
  25. Ex. philosophers like John Locke and Jean Jacque Rousseau.
  26. The Spirit of Louis, Montesquieu said that there should be a division of Powers in the Government.
  27. In France's old regime the monarch did not have the power to increase taxes on own. He had to call a meeting of generals of three Estates but it was not held Since 1614.
  28. On 5 May 1789, he called a meeting to pass a proposal of taxes in A hall of Versailles. The 1st and the 2nd Estates sent 300 representatives who had to stand at the back in the Meeting.
  29. 3rd Estate came with 40000 letters of their demands.
French revolution started in 1789. The series of events started by the middle class shook the upper classes. The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. The revolution began on 14th July, 1789 with the storming of the fortress-prison, the Bastille. The Bastille was hated by all, because it stood for the despotic power of the king. The fortress was demolished.

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Author: Shivam Singh

Shivam Singh

Member since: Dec 28, 2019
Published articles: 1

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