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The Basics of a Fire Alarm Control Panel

Author: Expert Digi
by Expert Digi
Posted: Jan 20, 2020

industrial pipe fittings systems are only effective if they are capable of issuing an unavoidable emergency response so that everyone in a building can evacuate it as fast as possible. Although this process might seem simple enough at first, the task can get quite complicated especially if you're dealing with a sprawling airport facility or a manufacturing factory that is ordinarily occupied by hundreds of people at a time. In order to save lives and minimize property damages caused by fires, commercial building owners typically require a safety appliance known as a fire alarm control panel. These panels are usually operated by those individuals tasked with ensuring the safety and security of the building’s occupants. If you're one of those people who is responsible for making sure that all the features of your fire protection systems are functional and up-to-date, then these panels would make your job significantly easier. But before you start browsing the market for fire alarm control panels, here's a quick read-through that helps you know more about fire panels, what they do, their intrinsic technology, and how to operate them.

How does a fire panel work?

Contrary to popular understanding, fire alarm panels do not perform any one singular task. Instead, the panels can be rigged in such a way that they end up undertaking a wide range of life-saving actions. These functions can be to activate the sprinkler systems, trigger alarm sirens and lights, or transmit signals to the nearest fire station. Simply put, the fire alarm panel often acts as a medium between several firefighting devices and mechanisms.

But what happens when an actual fire breaks out? In this case, devices such as smoke or heat detectors will sense the fire and immediately send a signal to the panel. Industrial Piping in Bangalore panel can also be notified about a fire by initiating a hand-activated pull switch or button. In response to the transmitted signal, the panel triggers alarm devices like loud horns or flashing lights. At this point, a signal is also sent to the nearest fire engine station asking for help. Although most sprinkler systems are capable of releasing water on their own, a panel can be used to open or close valves when deluge sprinklers have been installed. This makes it possible to manually control how the fire suppressant is distributed and the number of sprinkler heads that need to be activated.

What are the main types of fire panels?

A majority of older buildings might have a conventional fire alarm panel as they have been around for years. Such a type of panel primarily relies on changes in electric current to start sounding the alarms. Another distinguishing feature of conventional panels is that a separate unit needs to be installed on every floor of the building.

On the other hand, recent technological advances have made it possible to accurately sense the location of a fire using, what is now known as, addressable panels. Shedding its dependency on electric current, these panels are equipped with microprocessors so that they can be fed data from other fire safety devices in the building.

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Author: Expert Digi

Expert Digi

Member since: Apr 25, 2019
Published articles: 12

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