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The main structural units of the dissertation research

Author: Jake Paul
by Jake Paul
Posted: Apr 17, 2020
writing dissertation

Any scientific work consists of 7 main parts - this is the introduction, the main part (chapter 1,2,3), conclusions, list of literary sources, applications (if necessary).

  1. Introduction (2-7 pages) In this part of the work, the author reasonably substantiates his own choice of the research topic, its timeliness of study focuses on the scientific innovation of the experiments, the theoretical/practical significance of the work done.
  2. The first chapter (21-42 p.) The task of the applicant is to compile a literature review based on an analysis of information sources on the topic of work. The chapter concludes with working hypotheses, the purpose/objectives of the study. If the topic of the dissertation addresses several problems at the same time, then this chapter should be divided into several additional paragraphs with numbers 1.1, 1.2, etc.
  3. The second chapter (p. 9-11)

This part of the dissertation contains a detailed description of the working methodology. The applicant aims to compose the text so that when reading it there will be no questions about the algorithm of the research.

4.The third chapter (61-91 pages)

Here, the author displays the obtained research results in a visual form. Due to a large amount of information, it is recommended to divide the chapter into separate paragraphs or add, the fourth chapter.

5. Conclusions

The number of conclusions is directly proportional to the number of tasks. In some works (specific topics), two conclusions are drawn for each task.

6. The list of literary sources

In this section, the applicant lists in alphabetical order the domestic/foreign works used in the process of preparing the dissertation.

7. Applications

They are an optional part of the qualification work and consists of data not included in the bulk of the text of the document. With a large amount of data, applications are divided into several categories with the assignment of their serial number to each of them.


An abstract is a document that summarizes the main provisions of a candidate / doctoral scientific work, therefore without his presence, the dissertation will not be allowed to the defense procedure. The number of pages should not exceed 15% of the total research work. Read more about how to write an abstract in our article. The document begins with a summary in one paragraph (up to ten lines of printed text). The author briefly describes the essence of the document, the features of the object/subject discussed in the dissertation and the main tasks.

Abstract structure

The abstract consists of 3 main parts: general characteristics, the main provisions of the study, conclusion.

  1. general characteristics

The author talks about the relevance of the topic of work by describing its program, presents readers with information about the selected object, indicates the main purpose of the work and its practical significance in a particular scientific field.

2. The main provisions

The goal of the applicant is to reveal the essence of the dissertation structure by the tasks set, to make a mini-conclusion on each of them.

3. Conclusion (conclusions)

The main part of the abstract, which indicates the results of the studies, conclusions on the tasks and recommendations for use in practice.

How to write an abstract correctly?

Recommendations will help to speed up the preparation of the abstract several times:

  • the text of the document is easier to create if the work on it coincides with the writing of a dissertation;

  • exclusively scientific style of presentation is used (brevity and clarity of presentation of information - prerequisites);

  • material is presented only from a third party;

  • pagination - end-to-end, taking into account the front/back of the title page.

Vacation for writing a dissertation: is it needed and how to get it?

If the author of the work studies in graduate school in absentia and officially works at the enterprise, he is entitled to an annual thirty-day leave for the entire period of writing the dissertation. With a large distance from the university, the applicant has the right to paid travel and the allocation of additional days for a trip to an educational institution. Teachers or employees of scientific organizations have the right to receive annual leave to write a dissertation with the preservation of the workplace. The main condition for receiving vacation for this category of persons is a continuous ten-year experience in the educational/scientific field.

To draw up documents for a vacation, the applicant applies to the personnel department with a statement of the appropriate sample and a certificate of completion of studies in graduate school.Buy Essay Online.

Practical recommendations for writing a text of a scientific paper

  1. Choosing a convenient time for writing a dissertation, competent distribution of the total volume will speed up the work.

  2. Timely, clear identification of the possibilities of solving the problems posed simplifies further research activities.

  3. Drawing up a calendar plan, step-by-step formulation of the main issues of work will more easily convey the main idea of??work to readers.

  4. The main scientific problems are always formulated before the start of experiments. Before compiling the text of the candidate / doctoral dissertation, the applicant asks himself the question "What exactly do I want to prove/show with this work?".

  5. The section devoted to the methodology is described as succinctly and competently as possible, with an emphasis on the main points.

  6. The use of citations is important in the preparation of any dissertations. Their main purposes are the most accurate transfer of the author’s thought, an illustration of their conclusions on the topic of labor. When direct quotes are indicated in the text, quotation marks (") with an in-text link are required.

Candidate and doctoral dissertation: what is the difference?

There are several fundamental differences between the candidate and doctoral scientific work.


It is fundamental applied research. The main task of such a thesis is an exclusive solution to the scientific tasks that are required to solve problems / develop a specific industry. The work may also contain innovative technological developments.


This scientific work is the result of comprehensive work on the studied problematic topics. The essence of such a thesis is to make a significant practical/theoretical contribution to the large-scale development of a certain scientific field. The basic rule of the structure for dissertation research is the internal unity and logical relationship of the sections. Requirements for work - the presence of new provisions, scientific results, indicating the personal contribution of the applicant to the selected scientific field.

Practical tips for working on a dissertation

  • A clear wording of the work scheme (drawing up a regular plan and an outline plan with a detailed description of future work).

  • Determination of the main goals and objectives of the dissertation research

  • Identification of opportunities for solving problems that may arise when writing a dissertation (eliminated using a plan);

  • Description of the essence of scientific work in a short letter to readers (approximate length - 25 words);

The text of the dissertation is compiled competently, logically - coherently and structured with the main emphasis on the subject of research. Methods, research materials, experiments, information, and facts are described concisely, (using the scientific and technical style of design and special terminology). To maximize the disclosure of the topic of scientific work, to eliminate the investigated problem, the author identifies the main issues and formulates the necessary research.

Indicative structure of scientific work

Recommended structure of the handwritten and printed version of the dissertation:

  • title page;

  • table of contents / contents;

  • list of abbreviations and symbols (if any);

  • introduction;

  • the main part (up to 4-5 chapters);

  • practical recommendations and conclusions;

  • list of references;

  • applications (if available).

How to write the first chapter of the dissertation

In the first chapter of the scientific work, the author analyzes the list of sources used and compiles a literature review on the chosen research area. It is recommended to give an objective assessment of the issue under consideration and find ways to address the "vulnerabilities" of the industry. At the end of the chapter, goals, tasks, basic provisions that are submitted to the defense of scientific work are indicated. If the subject of dissertation research considers several problems at once, the first chapter should be divided into several structural units (paragraphs).

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Author: Jake Paul

Jake Paul

Member since: Apr 14, 2020
Published articles: 3

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