General Dart Rule Instructions
Posted: Sep 17, 2020
Darts rules around the world are basically controlled and set by two main member organizations:
- The BDO (British Darts Organization), which originally set all the rules for the game of darts and is the official darts organization of Great Britain, the leading country for darts.
- PDC (Professional Darts Corporation), a competing British darts organization that manages its own World Darts Championships and is the leading professional darts organization in the sport. Both organizations work under the official national organization for darts worldwide, namely the WDF (World Darts Federation).
By 1992, the BDO and PDC were both part of the BDO, but a separate group that included 16 of the best professional players were frustrated with the lack of opportunities to make a professional living and take the sport to a new level. Dimensions created the WDC - World Darts Council, which later became the PDC - Professional Darts Corporation.
The BDO controls and determines its own tournament rules internally, while the PDC tournament rules are determined by the DRA (Darts Regulatory Authority).
DRA is responsible for development of all the rules within the PDC. The DRA is also responsible for maintaining discipline within the PDC and for the anti-doping program which is carried out in collaboration with UK Sports. To be able to take part in one of the PDC tournaments, one must also become a member of the PDPA (Professional Darts Players Association).
There are two types of dart rules that affect all dart players:
- The general rules of the game as shown on the dartboard of the clock and
- The tournament and championship rules of the game, which apply to all league, tournament and championship darts players.
Darts General rules of the game
- The dartboard must be set up or held so that the centre of the target is exactly 1.73 meters high.
- The minimum throw is 7 feet 9¼ inches or 2.37 meters from the front of the board when measured horizontally.
- The forward or throw line must be clearly marked and at least 18 inches long.
- The starting order is determined by throwing the closest target with an arrow. The winner will take first place in the first leg and will play odd-numbered games alternately. The loser shoots first in the second leg and, if necessary, alternately with even legs.
- Any arrow can be used.
- A throw consists of three arrows, except when a game ends with a minus.
- Arrows cannot be thrown again and only arrows that hit the board count towards your score.
- Upon request, the Score Announcer can tell a player what number he has scored or what number he needs for the game, but not how to get it.
- If the number of points required for the game is exceeded in the course of a throw, the throw will stop and the number of points obtained during that throw will not be taken into account.
- The inner torus (50) counts twice as much as the outer torus (25).
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