Bipolar Hip Replacement
Posted: Sep 12, 2014
There are several diseases that erode joints to the point of replacement but commonly, the replacement is caused by osteonecrosis, rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. Osteonecrosis is a common cause for bipolar hip surgeries. With this disease, the blood flow that is normally provided to the ball of the joints is greatly reduced or all together depleted. This causes the bones of the ball joints to deteriorate severely. Osteoarthritis affects the thin, slick covering of the ball of the ball joint or in other joints that bones glide across one another. The arthritis erodes this covering causing this action to be very painful. Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition that causes the immune system to attack itself. These attacks occur mostly in the joints. This causes the joints to become severely inflamed. Eventually, the joints become deformed and unusable. At this point, the hip replacement may be necessary.
There are some risks associated with all surgeries, but there are some unique risks associated with hip replacements. Infections can occur as an effect of any surgery. In hip surgeries, this is an especially bad problem. Because there are many foreign materials installed in the body, sometimes the body rejects them. When rejection occurs, infection can set in. However, infections can occur for many reasons. The surgeon and attending physicians will monitor the post-surgery care closely to eliminate any chance of getting an infection. Infections in the area of the prostheses may cause surgeries to remove and replace the prosthetics. This means that all the follow up care provided by doctors must be headed very closely.
Blood clots and fractures are also common problems with bipolar hip surgeries. Blood clots can happen after any injury or surgery, but doctors will prescribe medication to prevent these events. Because the bones are under tension, sometimes fractures can occur during procedures. These fractures can be small and repaired along with the surgeries but some are extensive and may require the surgery to be more extensive. However, these maladies are rare and hip surgery relieves the major pain and immobility surrounding degenerative joint diseases. When standing or walking becomes too painful even when assisted, the patient should start to consider the benefits of the surgery. Consulting a surgeon will be the next step in alleviating the pain. Medications are effective, but do not offer the relief of surgery.
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