Brief Case Study on Jahawar lal Nehru
Posted: Jan 12, 2022
Jawahar Lal Nehru Biography in English : Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and the main focus of Indian politics before and after independence. He was the main leader of the Indian independence campaign as an assistant to Mahatma Gandhi, who fought to make India independent till the end and even after independence served the country till his death in 1964.
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He was considered the architect of modern India. Being from the Pandit sect, he was also called Pandit Nehru. Whereas children knew him by the name of "Chacha Nehru" due to his attachment to children.
Early life: Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad in British India. His father, Motilal Nehru (1861–1931), a wealthy barrister from the Kashmiri Pandit community, was twice elected President of the Indian National Congress during the freedom struggle. His mother Swarooprani Thussu (1868–1938), from a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family settled in Lahore, was Motilal's second wife and the first had died in childbirth. Jawaharlal was the eldest of three children, the other two being girls.
The elder sister, Vijaya Lakshmi, later became the first woman President of the United Nations General Assembly. The youngest sister, Krishna Hathising, became a notable writer and wrote several books on her brother. In the 1890s, the Nehru family, Jawaharlal Nehru was educated in some of the best schools and universities in the world.
Read Also: Odia BiographyHe did his schooling from Harrow and college from Trinity College, London. He then completed his law degree from the University of Cambridge. He spent seven years in England developing a rational approach to Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism.
Jawaharlal Nehru returned to India in 1912 and started practicing law. He was married to Kamala Nehru in 1916. Jawaharlal Nehru joined the Home Rule League in 1917. His real initiation into politics came two years later in 1919 when he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi. At that time Mahatma Gandhi started a campaign against Rowlatt Act. Nehru was particularly attracted to Mahatma Gandhi's active but peaceful civil disobedience movement.Political life : From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee. The annual session of the Congress in 1928–29 was held under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. In that session, Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose supported the demand for complete political independence, while Motilal Nehru and other leaders wanted a sovereign state within the British Empire.To resolve the issue, Gandhi took a middle ground and said that Britain would be given two years to grant India statehood. If this does not happen, the Congress will launch a national movement for complete political independence. Nehru and Bose demanded that this time be reduced to one year. The British government did not respond to this.In December 1929, the annual session of the Congress was held in Lahore in which Jawaharlal Nehru was elected the President of the Congress Party. During this session, a resolution was also passed demanding 'Purna Swaraj' and on 26 January 1930, Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the flag of independent India in Lahore. Gandhiji also called for the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. The movement was quite successful and forced the British government to acknowledge the need for major political reforms.
For 35 years from the time Gandhi elected Nehru to the presidency at the Lahore session in 1929 - until his death as prime minister in 1964, despite being defeated by China in 1962, Nehru remained a role model for his countrymen. His secular attitude towards politics was different from Gandhi's religious and traditional approach. Gandhi's ideas had deceptively given a religious character to Indian politics during his lifetime. Gandhi appeared to be a religious conservative, but in reality he was a social liberal who was trying to secularize Hinduism. The real conflict between Gandhi and Nehru was not because of their attitude towards religion, but because of their attitude towards civilization. Where Nehru constantly spoke in the modern context. At the same time, Gandhi used to stress on the pride of ancient India.
There was also an occasion in the history of the country, when Mahatma Gandhi had to choose between Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Jawaharlal Nehru for the post of the first Prime Minister of independent India. Nehru's humble national outlook overshadowed the iron man's tough and rebellious stance and he was not only elected to the post, but also had the distinction of holding the reins of the world's largest democracy for the longest time. A disputed fact related to the birth of Jawaharlal Nehru, it is prevalent on the internet that he was not born in Anand Bhawan but in a red light area where Motilal Nehru lived with his second wife Swarupini. There is no mention of eight years.
When Jawaharlal Nehru was in his mother's womb, a pundit on the banks of the Ganges had predicted that this child would prove to be disastrous for the country. The pundit had gently told Motilal to give poison to his wife, but when Motilal's wife heard the whispers, she only heard the word "poison".
Neither did Motilal argue that he was asking to name his son Jawahar, thus our first Prime Minister was named Jawahar.
Nehru's first wife died soon after. During this time he had a good friendship with Lord Mountbatten's wife. You must have seen them together in many photos. For this reason such rumors were spread that there is a love affair between these two. On the other hand Jinnah also liked Edwina very much, due to which the love triangle was formed. If any particular person has any objection to these disputed facts, then immediately tell us and we will remove them from our blog because we do not even verify the veracity of all these facts, all these facts have been taken from the prevailing facts on the internet.
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