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Liquid Jet Ejectors: Pumping, Mixing, and Transporting Fluids with the Power of Bernoulli Principle

Author: Crystal Tcs
by Crystal Tcs
Posted: Mar 19, 2023

Liquid Jet Ejectors, also known as jet pumps or eductors, are devices used to pump, mix, and transport liquids, gases, and solids. They work based on the principle of fluid dynamics, where a high-velocity fluid is used to entrain and transport a lower-velocity fluid. The high-velocity fluid is usually referred to as the motive fluid, while the lower-velocity fluid is known as the suction fluid or the entrained fluid.

Liquid Jet Ejectors are commonly used in various industries, including chemical, pharmaceutical, petrochemical, food and beverage, and wastewater treatment, among others. In this article, we will discuss the working principle of liquid jet ejectors, their applications, advantages, and disadvantages.

Working Principle

Liquid Jet Ejectors operate on the Bernoulli principle, which states that an increase in the velocity of a fluid results in a decrease in its pressure. The motive fluid is supplied at high pressure and velocity through a nozzle, creating a low-pressure zone in the suction chamber. The suction fluid is then drawn into the low-pressure zone and entrained by the high-velocity motive fluid. The combined fluid stream is then passed through a diffuser, where the velocity is reduced, and the pressure is increased.

The ratio of the mass flow rate of the motive fluid to the suction fluid is known as the entrainment ratio, and it determines the efficiency of the jet ejector. The higher the entrainment ratio, the more efficient the ejector.


Liquid Jet Ejectors are used in a wide range of applications, including:

Pumping: Jet pumps are used to pump liquids, gases, and solids from one location to another. They are commonly used to transfer liquids from storage tanks or to drain tanks and vessels.

Mixing: Jet pumps can be used to mix liquids or to dilute a concentrated liquid with a solvent.

Evacuation: Jet pumps can be used to evacuate air, gases, and vapors from a process or a system.

Heating and cooling: Jet pumps can be used to heat or cool liquids by mixing them with a hot or cold fluid.

Wastewater treatment: Jet pumps are used to mix and transport wastewater, sludge, and other solids in wastewater treatment plants.


No moving parts: Jet pumps have no moving parts, which makes them simple to operate and maintain.

Low maintenance: Since jet pumps have no moving parts, they require minimal maintenance.

High reliability: Jet pumps are highly reliable and can operate continuously without failure.

Wide operating range: Jet pumps can operate over a wide range of flow rates and pressures.

Easy to install: Jet pumps are easy to install and can be retrofitted to existing systems.


Low efficiency: Jet pumps have lower efficiency compared to other pumping systems.

Limited suction lift: Jet pumps have a limited suction lift, which means they cannot lift fluids from deep depths.

Noise: Jet pumps produce high noise levels due to the high-velocity fluid flow.

Limited capacity: Jet pumps have limited capacity compared to other pumping systems.

High energy consumption: Jet pumps consume more energy compared to other pumping systems.


Liquid Jet Ejectors are simple, reliable, and low-maintenance devices used to pump, mix, and transport fluids. They are widely used in various industries due to their simplicity, reliability, and versatility. However, they have some limitations, including low efficiency, limited suction lift, and high noise levels. Nevertheless, their advantages outweigh their disadvantages, making them an essential part of many industrial processes.


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Author: Crystal Tcs

Crystal Tcs

Member since: May 27, 2019
Published articles: 1

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