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Mastering IOS Swift: POP and OOP

Author: Info Campus
by Info Campus
Posted: Oct 16, 2017

Various instructional exercises that I have seen adopt an extremely Object-Oriented strategy to the convention situated programming (POP) worldview. By this announcement I imply that they disclose to us that with POP we should start our outline with the convention instead of with the superclass as we did with OOP however the convention configuration tends to reflect the superclass plan of OOP.

They likewise reveal to us that we should utilize augmentations to add regular usefulness to sorts that adjust to a convention as we did with superclasses in OOP. While conventions and convention augmentations are apparently two of the most critical ideas of POP these instructional exercises appear to miss some other essential ideas. In my new book, Protocol-Oriented programming with IOS Swift, I cover POP top to bottom to demonstrate the peruser how they can utilize POP, and it's connected advances, to diminish the multifaceted nature of their code base and to make applications that are anything but difficult to keep up and refresh.

In this post I might want to contrast Protocol-Oriented plan with Object-Oriented outline to feature a portion of the applied contrasts. To do this we will take a gander at how we would characterize creatures sorts for a computer game in both an Object-Oriented approach and furthermore a Protocol-Oriented way to deal with see the upsides of both. Lets begin off by characterizing the prerequisites for our creatures.


Here are the necessities for our creatures:

  • We will have three classes of creatures: ocean, land and air
  • Animals might be an individual from different classes. For instance a croc can be an individual from both the land and ocean class.
  • Animals might have the capacity to assault or potentially move when they are on a tile that matches the classifications they are in.
  • Animals will begin off with a specific measure of hit focuses and if those hit focuses achieve 0 or less then they will kick the bucket.
  • For our case here we will characterize two creatures (Lion and Alligator) yet we know the quantity of creature sorts will develop as we build up the amusement

Lets begin off by taking a gander at how we would plan this with the Object-Oriented approach.

Question Oriented Design

Before we begin composing code, lets make a class outline that demonstrates our plan. I for the most part begin off by doing an extremely fundamental outline that just demonstrates the classes themselves without much detail. This encourages me picture the class chain of importance in my psyche. The accompanying graph demonstrates the class chain of importance for our Object-Oriented plan:

This outline demonstrates that we have one superclass named Animal and two subclasses named Alligator and Lion. We may feel that, with the three classifications, we would need to make a bigger class order where the center layer would contain the classes for the Land, Air and Sea creatures however that isn't conceivable with our necessities. The reason this isn't conceivable is on account of creature sorts can be individuals from different classifications and with a class chain of command each class can have just a single super class. This implies our Animal super class should contain the code required for each of the three classifications. Lets investigate the code for the Animal super class.

class Animal {

/* Need to be var so supersede init() */

/* in creature class can set them */

/* Animal sorts should be in the same physical */

/* document to get to private properties */

private var landAnimal = false

private var landAttack = false

private var landMovement = false

private var seaAnimal = false

private var seaAttack = false

private var seaMovement = false

private var airAnimal = false

private var airAttack = false

private var airMovement = false

private var hitPoints = 0

init() {

landAnimal = false

landAttack = false

landMovement = false

airAnimal = false

airAttack = false

airMovement = false

seaAnimal = false

seaAttack = false

seaMovement = false

hitPoints = 0


func isLandAnimal() -> Bool { return landAnimal }

func canLandAttack() -> Bool { return landAttack }

func canLandMove() -> Bool { return landMovement }

func isSeaAnimal() -> Bool { return seaAnimal }

func canSeaAttack() -> Bool { return seaAttack }

func canSeaMove() -> Bool { return seaMovement }

func isAirAnimal() -> Bool { return airAnimal }

func canAirAttack() -> Bool { return airAttack }

func canAirMove() -> Bool { return airMovement }

func doLandAttack() {}

func doLandMovement() {}

func doSeaAttack() {}

func doSeaMovement() {}

func doAirAttack() {}

func doAirMovement() {}

func takeHit(amount: Int) { hitPoints - = sum }

func hitPointsRemaining() -> Int { return hitPoints }

func isAlive() ->


This class begins off with nine Boolean properties that characterize the classification (land, ocean or air) of the creature and if the creature can assault/proceed onward the land, ocean or air. We characterized these as private factors since we have to set them in the subclass anyway we don't need outside substances to transform them. The inclination is for these to be constants however a subclass can not set/change the estimation of a steady characterized in a superclass. With the goal for this to work the subclass should be characterized in an indistinguishable physical record from the superclass. You can see Apple's page toread about access controls with IOS Swift.

We characterize the hitPoints property like how we characterized alternate properties so just the subclasses will approach them. We at that point characterize a default initiator that is utilized to guarantee that the greater part of the properties are set to their default esteems. At last we characterize eighteen capacities that are utilized to get to the properties, move the creature, assault or other usefulness required for our creatures.

About the Author

Infocampus is the best Ios Swift Training Institute In Bangalore. Infocampus gives you real time and placement oriented Ios Swift training.

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Author: Info Campus

Info Campus

Member since: Oct 09, 2017
Published articles: 26

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