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The four common type of wheelchair

Author: Julia Cheng
by Julia Cheng
Posted: Oct 27, 2018

Wheelchairs in the market can be divided into manual wheelchairs, nursing wheelchairs, electric wheelchairs and sports wheelchairs according to driving methods and special purposes.

Manual wheelchair

A manual wheelchair refers to a wheelchair that an occupant needs to drive by himself without relying on others. This type of wheelchair has higher requirements for the user, and the user can have the ability to independently drive the wheelchair. However, due to the limitations of physical strength, the use of such wheelchairs is usually not wide, mostly moving at close range, and if there is a long-distance demand, most rely on cars or other means of transportation.

Nursing wheelchair

The driving force of the nursing wheelchair comes from the caregiver. The users of this wheelchair are mostly seriously ill and cannot drive the wheelchair. Therefore, attention must be paid to the shape of the armrest and the ease of assembly and disassembly when transferring (shifting). In general, the design of the nursing wheelchair must consider the lightweight wheelchair that is easy to carry and easy to load, and has a folding function.

Electric wheelchair

The driving force of the electric wheelchair mainly comes from the battery. It needs to be charged after walking for a period of time. The users of this wheelchair are also for the sick lack of exercise ability. The frame of this wheelchair is strengthened, plus additional electrode auxiliary equipment. Therefore, the weight of the wheelchair is relatively heavy.

Sports wheelchair

Sports wheelchairs can be regarded as a special type of manual wheelchairs. They are mainly targeted at disabled athletes and sports enthusiasts with disabilities. They can be divided into racing wheelchairs, basketball wheelchairs, tennis wheelchairs, etc., depending on the type of sports.

Since the specific functions of different types of wheelchairs are different, the type of wheelchair can be determined according to the driving ability and the mental state.

For patients with unclear thinking, driving their own wheelchairs can lead to potential dangers such as getting lost and car accidents. Therefore, patients with unclear thinking need more care. In addition, the type of wheelchair is mainly determined by the driving method, so the ability to exercise is also an important factor.

Some university and company scientists have long been engaged in the development of wheelchairs. They have developed wheelchairs with different functions and high technology content, which are mainly divided into the following categories:

Wheelchairs that can go upstairs: John Corporation of the United States has developed a high-tech wheelchair that can easily cross the curb of the sidewalk, climb the steps, and even bring users to the beach. The engine-equipped wheelchair is priced at around $20,000, which is slightly higher than the generally modified engine-equipped wheelchair. This kind of wheelchair is very simple to use. It can raise people and can look at the people who talk with him. There is no "lower person" feeling. The wheelchair is equipped with gyroscopes and sensors to help the wheelchair maintain the uneven terrain. balance

Anti-collision smart wheelchair: This wheelchair is equipped with artificial intelligence software, which uses new infrared detection to track and set objects within a radius of 3 feet, and automatically adjusts the sensitivity and running direction of the wheelchair according to the surrounding environment, if the surrounding is In an open space, the speed of the wheelchair is very fast; but if it is transported to the corner of the hard-to-turn, the wheelchair is slowed down and its sensitivity is enhanced so that it can pass smoothly. If you are about to hit another object, the wheelchair will immediately brake under the command of the software.

Intelligent wheelchairs: The University of Portsmouth in the UK and the British wheelchair manufacturer jointly produce a new type of smart wheelchair. The wheelchair for the disabled can avoid collisions with obstacles such as walls and avoid rolling down the stairs. This kind of intelligent wheelchair is equipped with two ultrasonic detecting devices, which can detect the road surface around the wheelchair and input the data into the wheelchair computer. The computer makes judgments according to the actual situation, controls the forward and backward movement of the wheelchair, and avoids obstacles..

A new type of electric wheelchair that can move freely: This new type of wheelchair uses spherical wheels that move in all directions and are balanced when changing direction. Since the wheelchair saves power when changing movements, the power of its electric system can be reduced accordingly, and its total weight can be 45% lighter than ordinary wheelchairs. This wheelchair is also easy to install and disassemble, small in size and can be placed in the trunk or seat of the car.

About the Author

Changshu Pingfang wheelchair CO.,LTD has focused on top quality manual wheelchair and electric wheelchair for over 10 years in China. We started as a small company for help disabled, but now have become one of the leading wheelchair industry manufac

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Author: Julia Cheng

Julia Cheng

Member since: Jul 31, 2015
Published articles: 30

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