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FIFA 2022 Scandal

Author: Janet Peter
by Janet Peter
Posted: Mar 14, 2019
world cup

Abstract

One of the scandalous institutions recognized internationally has vividly been traced to the FIFA platform (Cashmore and Cleland, 2014). Whistleblowers have unwound to our surprise some of the biggest surprises involving FIFA officials who have allegedly engaged in all thinkable sorts of scandals the worst being callous corruption (The Guardian, 2015). It is after years of widespread accusations that the US and Swiss governments are finally cracking down. FIFA scandals are not a recent; they can get traced to the tenure of previous FIFA presidents such as Joao Havelange. Mr. Havalenge’s fame can get raced from his enlisting of the first World Cup's corporate sponsors (Dunbur, 2015). He also the expanded the number of teams registered for the world cup, and the dramatic increment of FIFA revenues. Though praised for these efforts, in his period of service, Havelange allegedly scooped millions of dollars in bribes and embezzlements. Bribes were in exchange for World Cup marketing and broadcast rights (The Guardian, 2015).

Introduction

Recently, the choice to award the upcoming world cups in 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar respectively have led to extensive accusations that it might have involved vote buying (Tremonti, 2015). Many factors lead to the suspect of Criminaloid in the decision to award the World Cup to Qatar. Though not a fallacy, one of these reasons to believe that the decision was almost dubious was that Qatar remains a country with little football history. Secondly, the country’s is located in a region with hot condition unfavorable for sports. These two major reasons have provoked widespread condemnation as to what could be the factors behind identifying Qatar as suited to host the 2022 world cup events (Dunbar, 2015). This paper specifically focuses on 2022 FIFA scandals.

In 2010, FIFA President Sepp Blatter led the bid foe hosting the 2022 FIFA world cup that resulted in Qatar assuming the victory. To support the result, Sepp Blatter endorsed the idea of taking the World Cup to a relatively new venue, the Arab World. He was quoted saying that the Arabic world deserves a World Cup due to the heavy population and popularity (Tremonti, 2015). That got followed b y the announcement made on the 2nd of December 2010 that Qatar has emerged the eminent, and the undoubted host of the world cup come 2022. However, according to informers, the decision remains suspicious and together with the FBI, have launched a thorough investigation for bribery and corruption.

Key people involved

Some of the key people involved in the case included the following: the then FIFA president Sepp Blatter. He functioned as the general secretary of FIFA between 1981 and 1998 until he was elected as the eighth FIFA President at the 51st FIFA Congress of 8 June 1998 when he succeeded João Havelange. Blatter got re-elected in many occasions such as in 2002, 2007, 2011, and 2015 elections. Second to be touched in the scandal was Jack Warner, who was the vice-president of FIFA. Another key player of the scandal was Ms. Phaedra Almajid. She was a Qatar’s bid employees though surprisingly, amongst the whistleblowers that made corruption claims against the Qatar 2022 World Cup bid. Concerned about the legitimacy of the results of the 2010 World Cup bid she left her post in early. Jacques Anouma and Issa Hayatou are FIFA executives based in Ivory Coast and Cameroon respectively (The Guardian, 2015). They have also been identified to have played key roles in the emergence of Qatar as victorious in the suspected bids. They were both paid a hefty amount to support Qatar's bid to host the 2022 tournament. Another key player named in the scandal is Mohammed bin Hammam.he was a Qatari football administrator who was elected the president of the Asian Football Confederation a position he served from 1 August 2002 to 14 June 2011. Besides, he was a profound member of FIFA's 24-man executive committee from for more than 15 years. He withdrew in May 2011, having gotten accused of bribing 25 FIFA officials to vote for securing the games for Qatar. Another player in the scandal was Reynald Temarii, a former Fifa vice-president. He is said to have received bribes from Hammam to vote for Qatar in 2022 world cup vote. He had been banned from football for eight years following the accusations.

Victims and Crimes committed

As from the evidence placed by informers, the victims named above committed the respective crimes regarding the declaration of the FIFA’s constitution (Tremonti, 2015). For instance, Sepp Blatter has been forced to resign following the indictments of the Department of Justice and the pending investigation by the Swiss Authorities involving $10 million alleged to be a bribe to Sepp’s office. Muckrakers are of the view that though Blatter claimed to get not involved with the sabotage and bribery, the 2022 bidding contests demonstrated a culture of anarchism and disregard to rules of FIFA. Many of those festered within Blatter's watch (Dunbar, 2015). Another named victim of the crime was Jack Warner. He got charged with receiving almost £1.2?million from a Qatari firm, an amount that has been linked to the Qatar’s successful bid to host the 2022 world cup. Jacques Anouma and Issa Hayatou got also victimized as role players of the suspicious results of the Qatar bid. According to investigations, they both received $1.5 million each to support Qatar's bid to host the 2022 tournament. Mohammed bin Hammam remains a major victim of the offense. The muckrakers and the Sunday Times produced ample evidence of Hammam’s involvement in such of Qatar’s host of the 2022 tournament (Dunbar, 2015). The Sunday times tracked millions of emails and documentation that related to alleged payments made by Mohamed Bin Hammam to entice people to vote for Qatar. In line with these accusations, it is said that Hammam transacted up to $200,000 into accounts of presidents of up to 30 African football associations. He also got captured hosting hospitality events in Africa where he further bribes, to solicit their backing for Qatar's bid. Jack Warner was alleged to have received a bribe amounting to $1.6 million from Hammam.

Legal procedures and prosecution

Following the accusations and victimizations of involvement with the bribery and other misappropriations, most of these victims have been arrested while others await the results of the investigation. Mohammed bin Hammam got prosecuted for breach of FIFA ethics and having produced insufficient defense against the arraigned accusation was banned from the leadership of football for life.Jack Warner, the FIFA vice-president together with his 13 fellow defendants, has also been arrested awaiting prosecution (The Guardian, 2015). The U.S. Department of Justice charged them with a total of 47 plain breaches inclusive of caveats. They got charged with racketeering, wire fraud, money laundering, bribery, and other significant offenses. The President of FIFA Sepp Blatter is also under thorough investigation by the Swiss prosecutors. His resignation profoundly provokes more suspicion. Though defensive of the accusations, the Swiss prosecutors have identified 53 suspicious bank transactions involving him. With these accusations embattling him, Sepp is said to have sought the service of some high-ranking lawyers (Tremonti, 2015).

Assessment of prosecution

The prosecution was fair in several aspects. In a majority of cases, the prosecuted victims were given opportunities to defend themselves with sufficient evidence before being detained, fined or other measures. However, to some degree I contradict with one that concerns the FIFA president. He is allowed to continue heading the federation even after all evidence gets produced against him. A sufficient way to go could have been suspending him, and the next clean person in the hierarchy of FIFA leadership assume the position until a new president is elected, or Sepp gets found not guilty.In this scandal, many victimized parties have claimed not guilty. They include Sepp Blatter and the heads of African football Jacques Anouma and Issa Hayatou. These three are among those who vehemently deny incriminations involving the implicated corruption with Hammam. The two are still under investigation as questioning goes on.

Regulatory and social remedies to related crimes in future

Regulatory and social moves that have been implemented to avoid related crimes are the following. First is the election of sanctioning bodies such as the sports marketing companies (SMCs). These companies monitor and help assess the suspicious undertakings of not just FIFA, but any major, international sporting event or league (Jennings, 2007). Another is the inclusion of the morals clause that’s in the scope of sports (Jennings, 2007). This clause encourages the pulling-out, suspending or renegotiation of agreements in the event of an official tarnishing the reputation of a sports body. According to the subsequently implemented FIFA rules, internal disciplinary procedures are made against those accused. If they are found guilty, they are dismissed from their executive posts.

References

Cashmore, E., & Cleland, J. (2014). Football's dark side: corruption, homophobia, violence and racism in the beautiful game. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Dunbar G. (2015). Some things to know about FIFA scandals while Sepp Blatter has been president,

Jennings, A. (2014). Foul!: The secret world of FIFA ; bribes, vote rigging and ticket scandals. London: HarperSport.

The Guardian.(2015). FIFA News. Fifa officials arrested on corruption charges as World Cup inquiry launched,

Tremonti A. (2015). FIFA scandals raise questions about Qatar World Cup bid,

Carolyn Morgan is the author of this paper. A senior editor at MeldaResearch.Com in legitimate essay writing service. If you need a similar paper you can place your order from research paper services.

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