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What is knee joint replacement?

Author: Vaishali Marathe
by Vaishali Marathe
Posted: Jan 12, 2020
joint replacement

Dr. Aniket Patil is a Fellowship Trained Joint Replacement Surgeon in Pune city. He completed his M.B.B.S. [Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery] from Government Medical College, Miraj in 2005. Later he completed M.S. Orthopedics [Master of Surgery in Orthopaedics] in 2011 from Post Graduate Institute of Swasthiyog Pratishthan, Miraj. After completion of post-graduation, He mainly focused On Joint Replacement Surgeries at various centers in India & abroad.

Dr. Aniket Patil has been trained under professor Dr. Klaus-Peter Gunther at Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital, Dresden, Germany. In Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital, Germany he was trained mainly for Hip and Knee Replacement Surgeries. He also trained under Dr. YAU Wai Pan, Clinical Associate Professor, Sports, and Arthroscopic Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong for sports injuries and arthroscopic surgeries of knee joint. Dr. Aniket Patil also received training for joint replacement surgeries [Hip and Knee Joint Replacement Surgery] at various tertiary care corporate hospitals in India [Lilavati Hospital Mumbai, Breach Candy Hospital Mumbai, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital Pune, Ruby Hall Clinic Pune].

Dr. Aniket Patil is a well known Orthopedic and Joint Replacement Surgeon in Pune, Pimpri Chinchwad (PCMC). He gave treatment to many patients from Pune and also from many other cities like Satara, Sangali, Kolhapur, Solapur and many more. Here following are some Videos by Dr.Aniket Patil on knee joint replacement surgery and knee arthroscopy surgery.

For More details about the doctor visit -

What is knee joint replacement?

Knee joint replacement is a surgery that involves replacing the damaged knee joint with manmade artificial joint or prosthesis

The artificial knee joint replacement (prosthesis) is made by metal alloys, polymers, and plastics. The artificial joint takes the function of an original knee. In a knee replacement surgery, the doctor needs to understand various factors about the patient for surgery.

  • Age factor is most important
  • Health-related issue (diabetics, blood pressure, etc.)
  • Weight of patient for prosthesis
  • Daily activity level

For removing old knee and replacing it with the artificial knee (prosthesis) nearly takes two hours, but recovery after knee joint replacement surgery can take one to two months for regular activities like proper standing and walking.

Knee replacement is a common surgery over the age of 50. Knee arthroplasty is another name for knee joint replacement surgery. According to estimates near about 1,20,000 knee replacement procedures, take place every year in India.

What is the purpose of a knee joint replacement?

Joint replacement surgery is required due to damaged or injured Cartilage. Friction between the joints is the main reason for the Cartilage deterioration. Cartilage is a rubber-like material that covers the end sides of the knee bone. So to remove this damaged cartilage and bone, knee joint replacement surgery is performed.

Traditional Knee Replacement vs. robotically knee joint replacement surgeryTraditional Knee Replacement

For performing traditional knee replacement surgery, the surgeon makes an 8- to 10-inch vertical incision on the front of the knee to replace the damaged joint. The surgeon will then:

  • First damaged cartilage and bone are removed from the knee
  • Then removed cartilage and bone are replaced with artificial metal components or prosthetic.
  • Kneecap or undersurface of the patella is cut and for resurfacing surgeon ads the plastic button or some surgeons avoid this procedure depends on some conditions of a patient
  • For creating a smooth gliding surface plastic spacer is inserted between the metal components.

Robotically assisted knee joint replacement

In knee replacement surgery, damaged portion i.e. cartilage and bone of the knee are removed and covered with an artificial joint which is made by plastic and metal parts for new surfaces of the knee joint. But in robotic total knee replacement surgery, the surgeon uses the CT scans (computed tomography) for building a virtual model for knee joint replacement surgery. The surgeon uses the robotic arm to implant the components of the new knee precisely and accurately.

Benefits of Robotic-Assisted Total Knee Replacement
  • More accurate for implantation of artificial component,
  • exact incisions and angles can be targeted
  • Safe and reduced risk of injury
  • Small incisions help quicker recovery
  • Shorter hospitalization
  • Less pain

For More Details visit -

About the Author

DR. Aniket Patil M.B.B.S. M.S. ( Orthopaedics ) Visit -

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Author: Vaishali Marathe

Vaishali Marathe

Member since: Jan 09, 2020
Published articles: 2

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