The history of carpet weaving
Posted: Oct 01, 2013
The oldest carpet in the East house begins where the roll out the carpet. Even if the scorched desert or around the rugged mountains and the ever present dust cloud hanging over the dead unsteady sand, even if heavy, molten sun, like lead, fills a world full of camel thorns, even if instead of walls - a thin fabric of the tent. Carpet - the oasis: lush gardens, disheveled head overripe roses, a snake graceful branches strange shrubs, colorful birds in the trees. " When there was a carpet - just do not know anybody. The date of its origin is hidden somewhere in the mists of time. However, according to scholars and historians, the art of carpet weaving began more than two and a half thousand years ago. oldest extant carpet was woven supposedly more than two thousand years ago! Dense fleecy woolen cloth with the image of the deer, vultures, and the horse was found during the excavation of the king's burial mound in 1949. The fact that the rug so beautifully preserved, it is bound to the exceptional climate - a burial penetrated water and air, resulting in a carpet cold and avoid rotting.
This finding demonstrates the unique fact: after a century classical technique of hand-woven carpets has not changed! Today, this masterpiece is decorated with centuries Hermitage collection. Yes, it is "a masterpiece of the century", because the carpet weaving - an ancient art that has its roots in the Ancient East. How did it all begin? Among the scholars are of the opinion that the original carpet performed exceptionally practical function: the eastern nomads invented weaving warm cloth to be able to quickly build a house. The then rugs served to protect their homes against wind and sand, allowing you to quickly razgorodit room. It is better to think of the carpet and nothing was impossible: a light, warm, compact collapsible - it is very convenient for transportation.Transformation is a purely practical canvas into a work of art began later, when the nomads began to lead a settled life.
Gradually, people began to move away from the primitive philosophy of "warm and dry" - he wanted to be and still is beautiful, elegant, and most importantly - not like at all. And one of the first civilizations that has submitted a carpet weaving at the highest artistic level was Persia. Carpets Iranian (Persian) origin are among the most striking works of decorative art. And it just so happened historically that it was Persia became a major center of carpet production. However, the word "production" here can be applied quite arbitrarily, we are talking about Persian carpets.No templates and standard - only unique pieces and 100 percent handmade. Persian carpet - as Venetian glass, Brussels lace, the Cuban cigar. This standard is perfection. history wanted to give glory carpet powers of Persia. An ancient legend has preserved for us the story of one of the first masterpieces of Persian carpet weaving - "Spring carpet" king Khosrow I, woven in the VI century to commemorate the victory over the Persians, the Romans and the conquest of the Arabian Peninsula.
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