The History Of Urdu poetry And Top Urdu Poets
Posted: Dec 15, 2019
Urdu is a language that is informal and linguistically tangled. Its cultural history reflects the specialized position of Islam in the Indian subcontinent of South Asia. Urdu clearly began in historic period times from a matter of the localized Indian dialects of the Delhi region. It spread with the Persian spoken by the Muslim master whose armies rapidly spread across the subcontinent. Persian continued to be the favored body and cultural language of the Delhi sultanate and the Mughal empire. In the eighteenth century when Muslim political authority crashed, Urdu immersed as a literary language for courtly poetry. Urdu came to be cultivated in northern India as a formal language.
Urdu poetry has a vast background. Urdu poetry is a rich cognitive content of poetry and has many different forms. Today, it is an essential part of the civilization of South Asia. Urdu poetry is based on a scheme of activity, it is a quantifiable expression and its form is very inflexible. The several forms of Urdu poetry include:
According to Naseer Turabi there are six major poets of Urdu which are
- Mir Taqi Mir
- Mirza Ghalib
- Mir Anees
- Allama Iqbal
- Josh Malihabadi
- Mohsin Naqvi
Mir Taqi Mir’s poetry is considered to be one of the finest poetry of all times. His shayari includes love, emotions, patriotism and much more contents. Mir was his takhallus and Muhammad Taqi was his name. He belongs to Agra,India. Mir Taqi Mir is one of those poets who shaped Urdu language into a flora where blossom of poetry blush eternally.
My personaly favorite two liners of Mir Taqi Mir
Rone se or ishq mai be’baak ho gaey
Dhoye gaey hum itne k bas paak ho gaey
Tadbir Mere Ishq Ki Kya Faida Tabib
Ab Jaan Hi K Sath Ye Azar Jayega
Shikwa-e-Abla Abhi Se ‘Mir’
Hai Piyare Hanuz Dilli Duur
The next we have, Ghalib poetry. His name does not need any introduction. The collection of Mirza Ghalib shayari is categorized as "Dewan –e-Ghalib". The Persian accumulation of Mirza Ghalib known as "Kuliyat-e-Ghalib Farsi" is popular not only in Pakistan but also in Iran. Most of the poetry and ghazals of Mirza Ghalib is sung in several Bollywood movies.
Hum ko maa’loom hai jannat ki haqeeqat lekin
Dil k khush rakhny ko ghalib khayal acha hai
Mohsin naqvi played a great role in enhancing urdu poetry. Urdu ghazal genre is incomplete without the into of mohsin naqvi shayari. He was a ghazal poet who specialized in passion, philosophical system, and Ahl al- Bayt genres and excelled in his incomparable manner. Mohsin Naqvi poetry gives you vast easiness and comfort the heart with attractive speech.
One of the notable feminine Urdu poet who started doing Poetry in primal childhood, none other than Parveen Shakir. Her famous product "Khushboo" earned very much acknowledgement and popularity internationally. On analyzing her work, Parveen Shakir Poetry consists of heavyhearted and romanticist feeling.
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